Do You Have Gum Disease?
Four out of five people have periodontal disease and they don’t even know it! Most people are not aware of it because the disease is usually painless in the early stages. It is possible to have periodontal(gum) disease without noticeable symptoms, unlike tooth decay, which can cause discomfort.
Periodontal disease begins when plaque, a soft, sticky film of bacteria, food particles and saliva, is left on the teeth and gums. The bacteria produce acids that inflame the gums and slowly destroy bone.
There are many factors that may increase your risk for gum disease:
- Smoking or chewing tobacco
- Crowded teeth, defective fillings and loose fitting dental appliances
- Many medications – Some medications have side effects that reduce saliva, making the mouth dry
- Systemic disease-Diabetes, Blood cell disorders and HIV/AIDS
- Genetics can also play a role
Red and puffy gums, bleeding gums, chronic bad breath, new spacing between teeth, receding gums and tenderness and discomfort are all signs of periodontal(gum) disease.
Good oral hygiene, a proper diet, and regular dental visits can help lower your risk of developing periodontal(gum) disease